Explaining the relationship between the accountability, decentralized decision-making and exchange leadership (Case Study of the Social Security Organization)

Sanjar Salajeghe, Maryam Oladi

Abstract


The aim of this research is to investigate the relationship between the accountability, decentralized decision-making and the exchange leadership in the organization. The statistical populations in this research are 230 individuals of the employees of the Social Security Organization. The sampling method of present research is the simple random method and the Cochran formula by using the sample size is equal to 144 individuals. The data required for present research was collected by using a questionnaire that its validity was tested. To determine the validity and reliability of questionnaire, we used the content validity and the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The reliability coefficient was calculated of the questionnaire accountability that is equal to 0.89 and for the questionnaire of the decentralized decision-making, it is equal to 0.81. For the exchange leadership questionnaire of the organization, it is equal to 0.87. In this research, structural relations model was used to analyze the data. For data analysis and the hypothesis testing, we used the statistical software Lisrel. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between the accountability and the decentralized decision-making and exchange leadership.


Keywords


Accountability, Decentralized decision-making and the exchange leadership.

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