Review of the allusions of Solomon story in poems of Hafez and Anvari (according to the Quran and Osoul-e-kafi Hadith)

Parviz Ahmadzadeh Houch, Mohammad Pashaei

Abstract


Survey on the great works of Persian literature reveals that most of the phrases, expressions, allusions and inferences mentioned in these prose and verses have been adopted from Quran and Hadiths. Various concepts and contents have been borrowed from these divine sources in Persian literature. Perception of the Iranian poets and writers’ works requires familiarity with Quran and Hadith. One of the Quranic contents mentioned in Persian literature frequently and used in various allusions is the story of Solomon. This article examines the allusions of the story of Solomon in the poems of Hafez and Anvari according to Quran verses and Osoul-e-kafi. “Suleiman or Solomon” evokes happiness, enjoy, spring, flower, beauty, authority and at the same time, humility in the poems of Hafez and in contrary, we find demon, demon, preacher, sheikh and ascetic against Suleiman. Anvari emphasizes his glorious reign, his magnificence and seal and speaking to birds and meeting an ant, possession of wind guardian angel, losing throne, meeting the queen of Sheba, Asif, hoopoe and demons in visualizing a fantastic image in order to praise him. 


Keywords


Suleiman, Hafez, Anvari, allusions, verse, Hadith.

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