Investigating the Relationship between Workaholism and Occupational Stress and Life Quality among Female Teachers at Elementary Schools (A Case Study of Torbat-e Jam)

Fahimeh Shojaei, Mahmoud Shirazi

Abstract


This article aimed at investigating the relationship between workaholism, occupational stress and life quality among female teachers at elementary schools in Torbat-e Jam (a city in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran). The methodology employed for the study was descriptive and correlational. The population of the research was composed of all the female teachers- 387 teachers- at elementary schools in Torbat-e Jam. The sampling technique of this study was multi-stage cluster sampling, that is to say, of 15 elementary schools 12 elementary schools were selected and from each school 16 teachers were randomly (ballot) chosen. 190 questionnaires were distributed and the Cochran formula was applied to calculate the sample size. The instrument of the study included three questionnaires namely, Robinson's workaholism questionnaire (1999), Steinmetz's occupational stress (1977) and the life quality questionnaire (SF-36). The results of the Pearson Correlation Coefficient showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between the occupational stress and workaholism (r=0.30) and between sub-scales of obsessive-compulsive orientations (r=0.37) and control (r=0.40) at the level of p≤0.01. In addition, a negative and significant relationship was found between life quality and workaholism (r=-0.33) and sub-scales of obsessive-compulsive orientations (r= -0.32) at the level of p≤ 0.01.

 


Keywords


workaholism, occupational stress, life quality, teachers.

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