The Social and Political Background of the `Abbasid Revolution: The Rise of the `Abbasid Caliphate

Mahayudin Hj Yahaya

Abstract


This paper aims at analyzing the social and political conflict between the different tribal groups within the Umayyad rule and to establish a link between the Islamic values adopted by some of the Umayyad Caliphs and the `Abbasid Revolution.  One of the particular concerns of this paper is to see the changes following the `Abbasid Revolution’s victory, mainly the complete assimilation of all members of the Muslim community, Arabs and non-Arabs into the empire. The transfer of the Islamic capital from Damascus to Baghdad had its significance namely the intersection of several trade-routs which could give real prosperity to the `Abbasid empire, and subsequently led to the remarkable rapid spread of Islam among the non-Arabs in the east and the far-east including the Malay Archipelago. The remarks in this paper are intended to present a new picture of conclusion reached in a more detailed study of the `Abbasid Revolution, conclusions which are based on evidence contained in the earliest Arabic sources available to us.


Keywords


Social, Politics, Abbasid, Khurasan, Revolution.

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