Studying the relationship between personality traits and religious orientation in women and men

Jafar Ghorbany, Gholamreza Nasiri

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to study the relationship between the personality traits and religious orientation in women and men. This research in terms of purpose is practical and in terms of quiddity and method is descriptive-survey. The statistical population includes the students of Shahid Beheshti University (12000 persons). According to Krejcie-Morgan table, the sample size was estimated 330 persons. The sampling method is available quota classification. The independent variables of the research include the variable of main traits of personality which was assessed according to 16-factor personality questionnaire of Ketel with 184 three-option questions and gender variable. Dependent variables of the research include intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientation which was analyzed according to the scale of Allport religious orientation. In order to analyze the data, Regression tests with step by step method, Chi-square test, t-test and correlation with SPSS software were used. The results showed that four factors of G, H, B, Q1 were valid anticipators for religious orientation respectively, but personality factors are not valid from this view. Also the determination coefficient indicated that the total of the four factors listed explains 35.9% of religious orientation changes. Also according to the results, most of the men (58.6%) had extrinsic religious orientation and most of the women (70.9%) had intrinsic religious orientation. Also Chi-square test showed that the difference observed in two genders is meaningful in terms of religious orientation.


Keywords


personality, religious orientation, intrinsic, extrinsic, women, men.

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