Investigating the Relation between Human Resource Management and Organizational Entrepreneurship: the Mediating Role of Knowledge Sharing by Middle Managers (case study: Ahwaz Pipe Manufacturing Company)

Zahra Madmoli

Abstract


Increased competition among the firms, together with technological changes, has forced the organization to pursue modern methods for achieving competitiveness in the market. Recently, firms have been trying to improve their flexibility, creativity, innovation, risk taking and entrepreneurship to become the winner in competition. There are a number of factors that improve organizational entrepreneurship. One of these factors is the role of human resource management. The present study was conducted to investigate the relation between human resource management and organizational entrepreneurship. This study is an applied research. Statistical population includes managers and employees (N=2000), out of which 384 individuals were selected as the sample using Cochran’s formula. Data were collected by an author-synthesized questionnaire that includes 24 questions. Correlation of the variables was evaluated by LISREL software. Path analysis was performed to investigate causal relation among the variables and to confirm total model of the research. Path analysis was performed by LISREL8.5 software. The results obtained in this study revealed that there is positive and significant relation between human resource selection and improvement of organizational entrepreneurship, extensive training of human resource and improvement of organizational entrepreneurship, job evaluation and improvement of organizational entrepreneurship, rewarding and improvement of organizational entrepreneurship, employees’ participation in current affairs and improvement of organizational entrepreneurship, selection of competent experts and improvement of organizational entrepreneurship, managers’ tendency to share implicit knowledge and improvement of organizational entrepreneurship and managers’ tendency to share explicit knowledge and improvement of organizational entrepreneurship. There is positive and significant relation between human resource management and organizational entrepreneurship regarding mediating role of middle managers. Finally, some strategies are recommended for improving organizational entrepreneurship.


Keywords


Human Resource Management, Organizational Entrepreneurship, Knowledge Sharing, Middle Managers.

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