A Comparative Study of The Components of Human Rights and Transnational Criminal Law At The National Archives

Mojtaba Mohammadi Kermaninejad, Hojjat Amraee, Ali Ahmadi Beyazi


One of the main functions of government, protect and guarantee human rights and fundamental freedoms in international instruments on human rights, have been identified. On the other hand, the penal system in each country due to its association with other people's lives, property and honor of the utmost importance. The new Iranian penal system combines a dual system is that both the community and the members of the community concerned. And unlike theoretical whose act unilaterally. The right of access to court and to a fair trial, including basic human rights and in international human rights instruments including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the principles of international justice that have been mentioned. A domestic legal system, in turn, sets the principles and rules have been established to maintain fair hearing. The three stages of the proceedings, including preliminary inquiry, investigation and after investigation takes. The main goal of this study is emphasized that the principles of justice and human rights recognized in the Iranian penal laws in the light of domestic and international documents described above. This study, in terms of type, theoretical, practical, and the method is descriptive analysis.


1-Human rights components 2- Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 3- The Islamic Penal Code 4- Code of Criminal Procedure 5- Human Rights in Iran.

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