The concept of spiritual well-being from the viewpoint of nurses caring for heart disease patients

Msrzeeh Ahmadi, Syyedeh R. Ehsani, Mohamamd Ali Shams, Amir Tabatabee, esmaeil mohammadnejad

Abstract


Background: Spirituality plays an important role in the patients' health, well-being and quality of life. Spiritual well-being that can coordinate different aspects of human life had been considered as an important dimension of individual or public human life by the health care experts. We aimed to explore the concept of spiritual well-being from the viewpoint of nurses caring for heart patients.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample of nurses (n=76) caring for heart disease patients during 2015. Data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of nurses’ demographic characteristics and statements evaluating their attitudes towards spiritual health. Face and content validity of the questionnaire were confirmed, and its reliability was assessed by the Cronbach’s alpha. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 18 using descriptive and inferential statistics of Chi-square, t-test and ANOVA. P-value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Findings: The mean age and work experience of nurses was 36.2±2.64 and 13.6±3.6 years, respectively. 48 (63.15%), 12 (15.7%) and 16 (21.05%) of the nurses had a high (Favorable), a medium (somewhat favorable) and a poor (Not favorable) attitudes towards spiritual well-being, respectively. In general, the nurses' attitude toward spiritual well-being has been good and favorable (38.1±4.02%). According to ANOVA test results, nurses’ spiritual well-being was significantly correlated with their work experience (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Considering the importance of spiritual well-being together with physical and mental aspects in nursing for providing spiritual care and the need for empowering the nurses with this skill, continuing educational workshops on spiritual care are recommended.

Keywords: Nurse, cardiac care unit, Spiritual well-being.

 


Keywords


Nurse, cardiac care unit, Spiritual well-being.

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