Analytical Study of Environmental Problems and Impacts of Haze in International Law

Abdolkhalegh Masghati


Natural contamination is one of the problems International Law has been encountered recently. It is several years that haze coming from Arab countries has made our government to attempt. In International Law, there is no strategy to claim damages from the Government of Iraq and it must be solved through political solutions to disputes, especially negotiation. In the present study the data has been collected using library studies from internal and external sources. Hence, factors cause dust concentrations almost everywhere are the same.  Dust phenomenon has been existed in Iran since many years ago but its intensity and frequency has not been as much as nowadays. The biggest impact of dust on human being is on respiratory system and eye and nasal mucosa regarding the eyes, it appears as itching, irritation, runny eyes, and an increase in allergies caused in the areas of eye. Regarding the nose, throat, and pharynx it appears as an increase in upper respiratory tract secretions. Contamination has been combined with the modern life deeply. Nowadays, the issues are introduced in International Law which was discussable beforetime in the domain of internal Law. Stockholm (1972) and Rio (1992) Protocols attracted all the peoples’ attention in the world to the importance of environment. This Right is one of the subsets of Right to a Healthy Environment. Based on a convention which is structurally novel regarding Right to a Clean Air, governments have officialized its internal constitutions and obliged to warrant it.


haze, international law, environment, contamination

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