Analyzing the reasons of inferior and superior views to the people in Tazkirat al-Awliyā, based on the psychoanalytic ideas of Eric Berne

Ali Sadeghimanesh, Ali Tasnimi

Abstract


Tazkirat al-Awliyā’s text analysis based on the ideas of Eric Berne reminds us that Attar in all of his prologues which are written about the Sufis and also in all of his exaggerations about the abilities of the leaders of Sufism, tries to have a superior look at all of them intelligently. Attar’s efforts show his deep understanding of the profound impact of literature on his community. In fact, he knows that a literary work is like a media, relying on it, the authority of Sufism becomes more and it would improves the balance of power between Sufism and rulers. Based on this approach, using superior titles for elders and leaders of Sufism in prologues and the exaggerated expression of their position and abilities, from the position of Parent, Attar wants to develop an attitude that its fruit is public activism based on the child position against Sufism. An attitude that could lead to an increase in the authority of Sofia.


Keywords


Attar, Eric Berne, Tazkirat al-Awliyā, Sofia, rulers, titles, superior view.

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