Analysis of the theoretic relationship between mysticism and politics

Mehdi Heydari

Abstract


Mysticism and politics are two of the most important grown branches of human knowledge and gusto that the function of most of them is different from the other. Mostly, it is supposed that politics focuses on exterior world and mysticism tends to interior world; but despite of these differences, an obvious cooperation and accommodation aspects are seen in these two branches of human knowledge and culture in theoretical and historical terms. In this study, we intend to describe and analysis the relationship between mysticism and politics from the perspective of contemporary Persian-speaking thinkers and also Sufi (especially initial Sufis). For this purpose, at first we express the ideas of advocates and opponents of the theoretic relationship between mysticism and politics among contemporary thinkers and then we’ll analysis and evaluate them. In the next step, we’ll investigate the remarks related to this subject in initial Sufis books and finally we’ll compare and assemble them. As we shall see, despite of lack of consistency between mysticism and politics in some ways, these two have a longitudinal relationship with each other in many positions and also initial Sufis that were closer to mysticism sources have mentioned this subject implicitly.


Keywords


mysticism, theosophy, politics, theoretical.

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