Comparison of Genetic Diversity of Grey Francolin in Iran Using Software

Neda Ghiyasi, Hamid Reza Rezaei

Abstract


One of the characteristics of a population is its genetic diversity. Environments are ever-changing and genetic diversity is necessary for continuity and adaptation of species in new circumstances. Assessment of genetic diversity of a population is one of the most important goals of genetic research and has important applications in protection biology. Genetic diversity is affected by numerous factors which are different in different populations. Some of the most important determinants of genetic diversity are neck of the bottle, natural selection, and reproduction method. None of these processes operates independently. Conducting studies on species like Grey Francolin can help local ecology. We must know that inter-population and intra-population processes affect genetics of populations. We should be familiar with gene flow; the process causing gene transfer between different populations affects evolution of populations and species. Considering the lack of information about inter-population genetic diversity of Grey Francolin, such studies can be vital in long-term survival of this species. Since species should be protected prior to a dramatic decrease in their population size, studying Grey Francolin is of incredible importance for the wildlife of Iran. 


Keywords


genetic diversity, environment, gene, ecology, process

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