Feasibility Study of Leadership and Organization Using Japanese Lean Thinking in Iranian Schools

Azizollah Arbabisarjou, Vahideh Naroei, Peyman Yarmohammadzadeh, Ashraf Samadi, Ayoub Faizy

Abstract


The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of leadership and organization using lean thinking in the schools from the perspective of teachers and principals. Methodology of study was descriptive-survey and population of study included all teachers and principals of Maku city schools in academic year of 2011-2012. Their number was 501 that 222 of them were selected as sample of study using randomized sampling method. Data of study were collected by researcher-made questionnaire consisting of 30 questions in five areas of strategic planning, employee involvement, decision-making, Kaizen (continuous improvement) and education. The validity of questionnaire was confirmed using face validity using expert teachers' views and its reliability was calculated through Cronbach's alpha and it was found 0.94. AMOS 18 and SPSS19 statistical software was used to analyze data. The conceptual model of study showed an acceptable fit of leadership and organization model of lean thinking with each of components through first order confirmatory factor analysis. To test the hypotheses of study, one-sample t test was used. The results of this analysis showed that strategic planning, increased employee involvement, kaizen (continuous improvement), and improved management approach to education are possible in educational centers (P≤ 0.001), but there is no potential to improve decision-making power in educational centers (P>0.05). In general, we can conclude that through strategic planning, involving employees in decisions and practices, continuous improvement of processes and working methods, we can pave the way for leadership and organization in lean thinking in schools.


Keywords


Lean Thinking, strategic planning, employee involvement, decision making, continuous improvement (kaizen).

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