Project KMMANLY: U.S. Intelligence and the Subversion of Media in Post-War Germany

Badis Ben Redjeb


This research explores the manner in which the Central Intelligence Agency orchestrated a black operation in West Germany in the early Cold War to enhance the national interests of the United States. At a time when the latter was openly condemning German military tradition, branches of United States intelligence were organizing a covert nationwide media campaign targeting pacifists and neutralists and all those opposed to the remilitarization of West Germany and its integration into a European military pact of defense. This article analyses how, through clandestine assets, the Central Intelligence Agency spent thousands of U.S. dollars to convince the German population of the necessity to rearm.



West Germany, Central Intelligence Agency, KMMANLY, remilitarization.

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