Comparing the meaning of life, meta-cognition and identity styles among high school students in Bushehr city

Zahra Sharifi Bolue, Ali pouladi Rishehri, Nasser Amini

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to compare the life meaning, meta-cognition and identity styles among high school students in Bushehr City. Method of the study is descriptive-casual. The study sample consisted of 5247 high school students of Bushehr. The sample size was 357 students and Morgan multi-stage cluster sampling was used. The survey collected information based on Steger, et al’ s the meaning of life questionnaire, Kanzayt’s meta-cognition questionnaire and Berzonsky’s identity questionnaire  . Results showed that there is significant positive correlation between the meaning of life, beliefs, cognitive styles and each of the components of their identity. The highest correlation exists between meta-cognitive beliefs and informational style and the lowest correlation is between identity style, commitment and belief in meta-cognition. The average score of each variable of meaning of life and meta-cognitive beliefs in girls is more than boys. The average score of each component of Meaning of life shows that there is significant difference in meaning of life and searching for meaning between male students and female students. Average score of identity style (informational, normative, diffused- avoidant and commitment) among girls is more than boys. The mean score for each of the components of meta-cognition (cognitive trust, positive beliefs about anxiety, cognitive self-awareness, negative beliefs about uncontrollability and danger of thoughts and beliefs about the need to control thoughts) is less among male students than female students.


Keywords


The meaning of life, meta-cognition, identity styles, students.

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