Interpretation of the Ending in View of Commentators of Sadra

Nouruz Parandvar, Ali Alah Bedashti

Abstract


Islamic philosophers and theologians have provided different opinions for the meaning of the ending; some say it is what we are moving toward it, some say it is what will happen, and some believe in both descriptions.  The ending of the universe is one of the most important issues in dispute among scholars.  Materialists believe that there is no beginning from an incorporeal creator or any ending for this universe.  Theologians believe the universe has both a beginning and an ending, but their opinions are different about the ending for the creatures without the sense.  Some Islamic Shia philosophers and theologians believe the entire creatures with or without sense have an ending.  Moatazeleh and Ashaareh sectors consider the ending for only the creatures with sense.  Also considering the actions of the God Almighty, the Adli sector theologians believe that the God’s actions have a meaningful ending while Ashaareh and philosophers do not.  Moatazeleh believe the ending depends on the action and the agent is rich in essence and say the end of creation is mercy.  Ashaareh believe the actions of God have no endings at all, but philosophers say this is against the essence of the God.  While the philosophers reject the idea of the accident and by dividing the ending and its descriptions into different ways, they reach the conclusion that all parts of the universe have partial endings and the universe as a whole has a general ending and it is moving toward it.


Keywords


The Ending, Theologians, Philosophers, Moatazeleh, Ashaareh, Emamieh, Adlieh, Elahion

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