Model-based Educational Method according to Imam Ali (AS) in Nahjul Balaghah

*Hasan Hasan Zadeh, Sayyida Layla Jazaeri

Abstract


Tarbiyah (lit. upbringing), which is to pave the ground for the development of the God-gifted potentials of the one being raised to attain divine proximity, is an important religious discussion. There are different available methods for upbringing and nurture the most important and most effective of which is the model-based method. This method enjoys paramount importance and value in the words and normative conduct of the Commander of the Faithful, Ali (AS). A model-based method is a method based on presenting a concrete and practical example. In this method, the educator endeavors to practically show the trainee the ideal pattern, conduct and behavior so that the circumstances conducive to learning and emulation may be made available. This method is very much superior to other methods since it is natural, objective, tangible and indirect as well as characterized by a direct observation, quick transfer of concepts and sustainability, not to mention that it also instils confidence in the trainee.  What is understood from the words of the Commander of the Faithful, Ali (AS) is that in his educational conduct, the model-based method has been used in three ways: model presentation, model description and model elimination. Imam Ali (AS) makes use of both direct and indirect methods to either present a model or eliminate it. The introduced role models are divided into infallible and fallible subcategories. The most important of infallible models are the divine prophets especially the Prophet of Islam, his household especially himself and the fallible religious patterns are Khabbab bin Aratt, Malik Ashtar Nakha’ei and Ammar.  Imam Ali (AS) has also introduced negative and anti-religious icons the most well-known of them are Mu’awiyah, Cain and 'Amr Aas. 


Keywords


religious education, Imam Ali, model based educational method  

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