Factors Affecting Divergence and Convergence of Ethnic Groups in Sustainable Security (Case Study: Lors and Arabs in Khuzestan Province, Iran)

Mojdeh Jamshidi, Lena Abdolkhani


This study aimed to develop a practical knowledge for the assessment of factors affecting divergence and convergence of sustainable security among Lors and Arabs in Khuzestan according to employments. For this purpose, path analysis was used, according to which relative deprivation had the greatest effect on the divergence and political alliance had the greatest effect on the convergence. The results of testing the hypotheses confirmed all research hypotheses, except elite competition. According to the results, in evaluation of divergence and convergence factors, there was no significant difference between Lor and Arab staff, and among convergence factors, religion was the most important factor and citizenship rights were the least important factor, and among divergence factors, cultural difference was the most important factor and language difference was the least important factor. Given the development of practical knowledge for developing divergence and convergence factors, sustainable security was evaluated among Lors and Arabs in Khuzestan according to employments, and Ahvaz was selected as the local territory. The statistical population included 300 people (experts and managers). A researcher-made questionnaire was used to measure research variables. A total of 169 questionnaires were distributed. The reliability and validity of the questionnaire were confirmed. Data were analyzed in two levels of descriptive and inferential statistics by SPSS.20 and LISREL. 


Sustainable Security, Convergence, Divergence, Ethnic Groups.

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