The study and survey of Imam Ali's trainings in the importance and observance of animal's rights with emphasis on Nahj al-Balagha

Nasrin Sayadi Anari, Hamed Shariati Niasar, *Mohammad Hossein Sayadi

Abstract


Today by increasing population growth, development of technology and increased welfare, the environment is ruining and many of animals either extinct or are endanger to extinction. The purpose of this study is to survey Imam Ali's trainings about the importance and observance of animal' rights with emphasis on Nahj al-Balagha in the basis of environmental ethics. In this research, we used theoretical method along with descriptive methods and content analysis base on gathering information by library studies, gathered information from electronic and non-electronic sources including essays and books in the field of Nahj al-Balagha and Hadith. In Nahj al-Balagha, the name of 13 animals, 8 birds, and 3 insects has been mentioned. Imam Ali prohibitsMuslims from ruining the earth and even injuring and bothering animals and recommends human being to learn some good attributes which exist in animals and he emphasizes on the justice in behavior with animals and observance their rights. He says: May God curse those who curse animals. He had no willing against seven climates with that is in the heavens to get the berry skin from an ant by oppressing it. He expresses the importance and details of birds in the environment to force human being for thinking and consideration in creation and existence and also make profit from them. We can say in one word that all creatures of God should be considered by human being and they shall accept responsibility against God creatures as they are responsible and obedient to their God and they should observe their rights which exist in Islam religion and try to keep and protect them. 


Keywords


Nahj al-Balagha, Environmental destruction, Environmental ethics, Animals.

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