A Study of Lullabies in Bushehr Province

Sayyed Mojtaba Hosseini

Abstract


Folkloric or oral literature is a collection of songs, ballads, legends, proverbs, riddles, mourning poems and lullabies that are orally transferred from person to person and from generation to generation and at the same time they can be studied as independent literary items in a language.

Unlike formal literature, this kind of literature doesn’t have any specific poet and it is orally transferred from person to person. It has a simple language but not complicated and artificial and it is originated from the nature. Sometimes it has a regional or trans-regional origin which plays a prominent role in creating formal and written literature.

In folklore, lullaby is regarded as a womanly and functional poem which backs to years ago. Lexically, lullaby derived from "Lala" which means servant and slave in Persian dictionary, however, it means "asleep" and "sleeping" as well among Persian speakers. This type of poetry with a sad and relaxing rhythm is sung by mothers in order to make their children asleep. They are simple and sweet lyrics which placed a rainbow of diverse stories or themes, in particular, wishes, complaints and innocent prayers in their hearts.

This study investigated the lullabies of Bushehr Province regarding their forms, themes and content, along with their evidence and samples.




Keywords


folkloric literature, lullaby, mother, children, Bushehr.

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