Study the status column element in the Achaemenid architecture and its effect on India architecture (comparrative research of Persepolis columns on pataly putra columns in India)

Amir Akbari, Fariba Amini, Elham Jafari

Abstract


In the southern region of Iran and the north of persian Gulf, the state was located in the ancient times was called "pars", since the beginning of the Islamic era its center was shiraz. In this region of Iran a dynasty called Achaemenid came to power and could govern on the very important part of the worlds for years. Achaemenid exploited the skills of artists and craftsman countries under its command. In this sense, in Architecture works and the industry this period is been seen the influence of other nations. Achaemenid kings started to build large and beautiful palaces in the unter of their government and after 25 centuries, the remnants of which still remain firm and after the fall of the Achaemenid Empire by Grecian Alexander in India. The greatest king of India dynasty Muryya, was called Ashoka the grands of Chandra Gupta. The Ashoka palace that id located at the putra pataly around panta town in the state of Bihar in North east India. Is an evidence of the influence of Achaemenid culture in ancient India. The similarity of this city and Ashoka Hall with Apadana Hall in Persepolis in such way that has called it a india persepolis set. In this article has been tried to look at one of the most important architectural elements in the original buildings during the reign of the Achaemenid dynasty namely the column and pedestal and similar examples of architecture in ancient time, research the accessiblity of columns architecture at India's pataly putra palace of persepolis columns in avcient Iran Achaemenid era and finally exomine their adaptive comparison, the accessibility of the Ashoka period columns from Achaemenid art and architecture.


Keywords


column, Achaemenind architecture, India Architecture, persepolis, pataly putra.  

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