Self-Actualization of the Main Character in “Siddhartha” Novel by Hermann Hesse

Ellychristina D Hutubessy

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to find the process of self-actualization of the main character in Siddhartha, a novel by Herman Hesse.  This novel was written in 1922 represents human anxiety in achieving self-actualization. This study used a qualitative approach with content analysis method in which the data source was taken from the text of Siddhartha novel. The results showed that the process of self-actualization of Siddhartha figures according to Carl Rogers typical characteristic theory tends to start feeling free want to feel dissatisfied. Dissatisfaction is filled with openness to the exciting new experience. The ability to cope with the failures that are experienced actually encourages the character to have self-belief in life to develop the experience gained in existential life. Finally, the character has the confidence to live more creatively. The results of the study also show that the life of Siddhartha's character in the novel structurally can be grouped into 3 phases of life, namely the phases of the spiritual life, the phase of earthly life and the phase of the wise life. It also appears that the religious dogma that has been formally studied, even practised, is felt by the main character Siddhartha has not been able to give satisfaction. Social life and nature eventually become teachers in this self-actualization process.


Keywords


Earthly life, Novel, Self-Actualization, Spiritual Life, Wise life phases.

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