Measuring and Comparing the Anthropometric Dimensions between Different Basic Educations at the Primary Boy’s Schools in Iran

Naser Hasheminejad, Milad Gholami, Najmeh Kargar, Reza Tajik, Saba Kalantari

Abstract


Background: Nowadays students spend about 4to 6 hours of their daily time in learning environments and classrooms. The instrument using by students are not fit to them because of the lack of anthropometric data and cause physical and mental distresses.

Objective: To measure and compare the anthropometric dimensions between different basic educations in boys at the primary schools in Kerman.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive- analytical study. The population of the study was elementary boy student in Kerman in 2013. 623 boy students in the age range of 7 to 12 years were selected to study. Studio meter, different calipers, meter, scales, etc. were used to measure the anthropometric dimensions. The anthropometric data obtained by SPSS software (Ver.20) were analyzed by descriptive statistic and ANOVA test.

Results: The obtained results show that mean and standard deviation of weight (kg) and stature (Cm) in boy students are 30.78 ± 8.93 and 134.33 ± 11.17 respectively. The change of anthropometric dimensions is rising with aging. Comparing the mean of anthropometric dimensions between different basic educations show that there is significant different in most of the dimensions.

Conclusion: According to significant different in student anthropometric dimensions in different basic educations, it is recommended that the anthropometric data in different base and specific for that population were used in order to design the school instruments. Using ergonomic instruments cause preventing musculoskeletal disorders and increase individual efficiency.


Keywords


Anthropometry, Ergonomics, Iranian, School, Student.

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