The Analysis of Iranian English School Text Book: A CDA Study Based on Norman Fairclough’s 1989 Model

Maryam Beiki, Neda Gharaguzlu


The present study employed a Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) approach to investigate the linguistic representation of male and female social actors in American English Files. To this end, Fairclough’s (1989) critical text analysis Theory Model was adopted to reveal the ideology behind the constructions. Different issues and themes are being raised in EFL course books with miscellaneous illustrations here and there among the exercises and readings. This study sought to investigate aspects of textbook parts as represented in one of the currently used English language series, namely American English Files series, in effect, the study analyzed the series in terms of three major aspects of gender (relations, positions, and content). Adopting the critical discourse analysis framework, in general, and Fairclough’s (1989) critical text analysis, in particular, the current study aims at examining 2 aspects of meaning, namely social relations, subject positions in the conversation as well as vocabulary and grammar parts. Regarding subject positions, the data analysis showed that American English File mostly focused on uncontroversial issues. After all, this textbook tended to represent the discourse and culture of western countries, which can exert specific ideologies on language learners.


Subject position, Social relation, Content; American English File

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