Exploring socio -cultural factors surrounding pregnancy anxiety in Iranian women: A qualitative study

Katayoun Arfaie, Fateme Nahidi, Masoumeh Simbar, Maryam Bakhtiari


Pregnancy is considered one of the most critical periods during a woman’s life cycle which is associated with specific physical, psychological and social changes. However, such changes are not always optimal and sometimes lead to concern and anxiety in the mother. Obviously, anxiety may take roots in different factors one of which is the sociocultural dimension. Current study aims to understand the explaining components of this aspect from pregnant women’s standpoints further.

Methodology: this study was conducted using a qualitative content analysis approach on pregnant women who referred to healthcare clinics across Tehran Metropolitan with purposive sampling method to data saturation point. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were used for data collection.


Pregnant women from different social back ground within age range of 18 to 41 participated in this study. Malapropos interference of the associates , gender-based anxiety ,lack of support and concurrency of pregnancy with social role as sociocultural categories were explored.

Discussion and Conclusions: regarding the results of current research, it seems that providing cultural background to respect family’s privacy and independence in decision making; to remove gender discriminations; to attract supports from pregnant women; and to establish special amenities for social functions of mothers can play an effective role in controlling pregnancy anxiety.


pregnancy, anxiety, parental anxiety, mood disorders, sociocultural

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