Inoculation Training on Anxiety and Performance to Have a Reasonable Reaction

Faezeh Ramezani Khansari


The development of effective training procedures to prepare the individual to resist the negative impact of stress is of considerable interest to government and industry. Stress inoculation training is a cognitive-behavioral stress intervention that has shown considerable promise; however, a number of questions arise regarding the application of this clinically-based approach to more applied settings. A meta-analysis was conducted to determine the overall effectiveness of stress inoculation training and to identify conditions that may moderate the effectiveness of this approach. Results indicated that stress inoculation training was an effective means for reducing performance anxiety, reducing state anxiety, and enhancing performance under stress. Furthermore, the examination of moderators such as the experience of the trainer, the type of setting in which training was implemented, and the type of trainee population revealed no significant limitations on the application of stress inoculation training to normal training environments.


meta-analysis; stress; examination of moderators

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