A Comparison between the Participation Motivation of Collegiate Boys and Girls of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abass in Public Sports

Mohammad Reza Shahabipour, Mahdi Savadi

Abstract


This study compared motivation to participate in public sports among students (girls and boys) in Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas. It is an applied research based on its purpose. Because the research aimed to explore the difference between the two genders for participation rate in public sports, and it is a casual-comparative type. The population consists of all undergraduate students in Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas in the first semester of years 93-94 that it equals 1159 people. A sample of 288 people was calculated on the basis of target population number and using Cochran formula that was selected via appropriate stratified random sampling. The sample was contributed in the study and eventually questionnaires distributed among participants but only 259 questionnaires were returned and benefited. Data were collected via using the 30-item questionnaire by Gill (2000) about motivation for participation among athletes. Comparison of two independent samples namely independent student T-test and ANOVA test were applied to analyze the data. Through studying the theories of the research, there is no significant difference between girls and boys students in Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas based on the motivation for participation in public sports. Also, there is no significant difference in dimensions (affiliation motivation, entertainment motivation, and competition motivation and learning skills) of public sports among students (boys & girls) in Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas. But there was significant difference in external motivations of public sports among students in Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas which the above results are also approved through the results of one-way variance test (ANOVA).  


Keywords


motivation for participation, public sports, students, Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas.

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