A Framework for Educational Building Facilities for Children with Autism in Malaysia

Zulhabri Ismail, Nurul Aida Nazri


Since the rate of children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is increasing, it becomes crucial for architect and building designer to contemplate on the appropriate approaches to design an inclusive educational building to benefit the users. With regard to this matter, research has proven that the quality of educational building affects the learning outcomes of individuals enormously. Nonetheless, policies or guidelines designed for autism in Malaysia are absent regardless of the major rise in autism prevalence. Therefore, the principal aim of this research is to develop a framework for educational building facilities for children with autism in Malaysia. Three objectives were utilised which are to explore the gap in the existing policy on educational building facilities pertaining to children with autism, to identify the variables to enhance learning environment within the context of educational facilities, as well as to conceptualise the variables of learning the environment and educational facilities. The mixed methods approach was used which composed of qualitative instruments via semi-structured interviews and quantitative instrument utilising a questionnaire survey. As a result, a framework for educational building facilities for children with autism was established, which will operate better design for educational buildings for children with autism in Malaysia.


Framework; Educational Building Facilities; Autism; Children; Prevalence

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