A new report on the image of the prophet of Islam in the seventh century Lunar Hijri and a description of its similarities and differences with the poetry of the fifth and sixth centuries Lunar Hijri.

Nasser Mohsseninia, Vahideh Dolatyari

Abstract


Praise and odes have long been a way of expressing devotion to the praiseworthy and the beloved and one of the most common contents of Persian poetry. Most poets, particularly to the middle of the sixth century Hijri, have written praise poetry in order to please people and make a living.Late sixth and the beginning of the seventh centuries Hijri mark the beginning of the Mongol invasion.  It happened as a result of the inefficiency of Kharazm dynasty ruling over Iran more or less coinciding with the crusades and its religious goals on the Iranian western borders. It seems that the Mongol invasion of Iran happened under the influence of and as a result of the then Christian world and the Abbasid Caliphate.   The invasion happened as a result of the turbulent situation and killing and looting which had stolen peace and comfort away from the society replacing it with chaos and insecurity.In such circumstances, people and the majority of mystics and poets were seeking ways to distance themselves from the material and mundane world and its turbulent circumstances. With the establishment of Ibn Arabi’s mystical school in the seventh century Lunar Hijri, favorable circumstances were created.  As a result, the majority of mystics tried to use the image of the prophet of Islam as an exalted mystical character and his sacred aroma as a healing power on the profound wounds that were inflicted on them by the disasters of their days.In this essay we have tried to render a definition of eulogy and Manghabat which is a special form of eulogy which is solely dedicated to the praise of the Holy Prophet. At the same time, we will study the image of the prophet of Islam in the Persian poetry of the seventh century and compare it with the previous centuries, specially fifth and sixth centuries Lunar Hijri.


Keywords


the image of the prophet of Islam, its study, analysis and comparison with the image given in the literary works of the sixth century, Ibn Arabi’s mystical school, social developments following the Mongol invasion, crusades

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