The Reflection of the Themes of Resistance in Abul-Qasim al-Shabbi’s and Abul-Qasim Aref Qazvini’s Poetry

Morteza Barari Reisi, Seyed Iman Bassir


Resistance literature is a type of literature whose aim is to verbalize the sufferings and tribulations of oppressed nations and incite them to rise up against their oppressors. Abul-Qasim al-Shabbi and Abul-Qasim Aref Qazvini are two contemporary resistance literature figures of Tunisia and Iran in whose socio-political poems the themes of resistance literature are clearly perceptible. For this reason, investigation into the political and social themes of the poetry of these two poets is of considerable importance. The present article attempts, in a descriptive-analytical way, to investigate the similar and different themes of resistance in these two poets’ poetry.

     Shabbi and Aref Qazvini are two of the outstanding poets of the twentieth century who, under the influence of the political and social atmosphere of their age and with the aim of promoting Islamic awakening and national resistance against colonizers and their domestic agents, have composed numerous poems through which they have managed to ingrain the sense of patriotism and a spirit of militancy in the people of their countries. In their poems, these two poets have handled such themes as patriotism, the praise of liberty, and anticolonialism in a more or less similar manner. Each of them, in his own way, has also treated other themes of resistance including calling people to unity and warning them against schism, the promise of victory, the reminiscence of the bygone glory of their countries, description and eulogy of martyrs, war against kings, war against hypocrisy and the hypocrites, and war against poverty and ignorance. In the present paper, these themes are explored and illustrated through the analysis of sample lines from the poetry of these two poets.


resistance literature; modern Persian poetry; modern Arabic poetry; Abul-Qasim Shabbi; Abul-Qasim Aref Qazvini

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