Specific and nonspecific role of vulnerability factors in emotional disturbances: “Triple vulnerability model”

Mahmoud Bahramkhani, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Parvaneh Mohammadkhani, Mohammad Reza Bagheri



Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate specific and nonspecific role of vulnerability factors in emotional disturbances based on triple vulnerability model. Methods: The sample of study included 400 people of general population of Qazvin. The method of sampling was quota. In order to collect data, we used a number of questionnaires. The methods of data analysis were Pearson correlation coefficient and path analysis. Results: We designed two models for each of studied emotional disturbances (GAD, SAD, DEP and OCD)[1] based on Barlows theory. Final models suggested that IOU may be considered as a specific vulnerability factor for GAD and SAD but it had more specific role for GAD. TAF was a specific factor for OCD. DAS is a specific factor for depression but in comparison to specific role of TAF for OCD, it has a less specific role for depression. Conclusions: IOU is greatly considered a transdiagnostic factor but TAF and DAS have more specific roles in EDs.

[1] Abbreviations: OCD: obsessive-compulsive disturbance; GAD: generalized anxiety disturbance; SAD: social anxiety disturbance; DEP: depression; IOU: intolerance of uncertainty; TAF: thought-action fusion; DAS: dysfunctional attitudes; EDs: emotional disturbances; PC: perceived control; NEURO: neuroticism; EXTRA: Extraversion; PC: Perceived control.


emotional disturbances, specific vulnerability factors, transdiagnosis, triple vulnerability model.

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